Principles of Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Dr. Robert E. Martin Fall 2001
Office: 105 Science Bldg., 793-3870 McMurry University
I. OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE OF COURSE
A. To show the scope of geographic information systems (GIS) technology and where it is used today.
B. To show the differences between vector-based and raster-based GIS software and the advantages and disadvantages of each.
C. To show how files can be converted from one format to another and from one map projection to another.
D. To show how files can be combined into different layers, rotated, and enhanced by software.
E. To show how information can be extracted from, and stored in, maps for later retrieval and analysis. What types of questions can be answered by GIS technology?
F. To show how the Global Positioning System (GPS) works and how data obtained from this system can be enhanced for use in GIS.
G. To show examples of GIS software and data from commercial and government sources.
H. To show the types of hardware that are useful for GIS applications (what is necessary and what is nice to have).
II. BOOK & STUDY GUIDE
ESRI. 1999. Getting to Know Arc View GIS. Environmental Systems Research Institute, Redlands, CA.
III. COMPUTERS AND COMPUTING
Geographic Information Systems technology is a data intensive science that benefits from today's high speed computers. Jobs that 20 years ago required multimillion dollar mainframes can now be performed using personal computers. We will use the computers in the laboratory to perform mapping and GIS analyses. All of the software used in this class will be PC or PC-compatible (we will not be using any Macintosh software).
IV. GRADING POLICY
GIS is an activity-intensive field. Thus, half of your grade for this class will be based on completion of several exercises that demonstrate mapping and GIS.
There will be three 150-point exams for a total of 450 points. Exams will cover both concepts and practical exercises.
The sum of all of the exercises will be worth up to 550 points. The point value of each exercise and when it will be due is listed in the laboratory schedule. These exercises will summarize and analyze either (1) GIS techniques; (2) mapping techniques, or (3) field exercises. Most exercises will be due from one week to two weeks from the day they were assigned (consult the laboratory schedule for details).
The following grade scale will be utilized, based on the faculty’s approval this spring of a ± grading system:
A = 930-1000 points A- = 900-929 points
B+ = 870-899 points B = 830-869 points B- = 800-829 points
C+ = 770-799 points C = 730-769 points C- = 700-729 points
D + = 670-699 points. D = 630-669 points D- = 600-629 points
F = <600 points.
V. READING ASSIGNMENTS
All assigned material in the study guide and the handouts given you in class.
VI. ATTENDANCE POLICY & MAKE-UP EXAMINATIONS
Attendance: Students are encouraged to attend all lectures and computer exercises
ExercisesALL exercises must be completed for full credit.
Make-upsMake-up exams will be given only for excused absences. This exam must be taken on the last day of class. Unexcused absences or exams not made up for excused absences will average in as zero.
VII. WHERE IS THE LABORATORY AND WHEN WILL IT BE OPEN?
The laboratory we will use is Science 115 (and sometimes Science 105 & Science 204 ). The class meets from 1:00-1:55 p.m. on Tuesday and Thursday and the lab. From 2:30-5:25 p.m. on Thursday.
SPECIAL RULES FOR THE GIS LABORATORY.
1. Unless otherwise indicated, all software is copyrighted and may not be copied.
2. Some data are copyrighted. These data are generally image scenes from satellites (e.g., LANDSAT) or from digital aerial photography (e.g., Positive Systems, Inc.).
2. No floppy disks owned by students are permitted in the laboratory. You will be issued floppy disks and/or zip disks and these must be kept in the laboratory. This is to cut down on chances for viruses infecting McM computers or your personally-owned computers.
3. Because of licensing requirements, not all computers will have all of the GIS software that we use in this course. Thus, look for signs on the computers in the laboratory to see what software that particular machine has available.
PRINCIPLES OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
ENVR 4350 Fall 2001
Date Topics Assignments
Aug 28-30 Introduction to GIS: What it is and what can it do. ESRI: Chapters 1 & 2
Handout: "Geographic Information
Sep 4-6 Topology & Map Scales, Projections ESRI: Chapter 5
Handout: "An Introduction to GIS & ARC/INFO"
Sep 11-13 Surveying Calls & Vector Mapping Handout: "Surveying & Surveying Calls"
Sep 18-20 Global Positioning Systems (GPS) Handout: "Global Positioning System"
Sep 25-27 Databases & Attributes Handout: "Databases & Attributes"
Oct 2 First Exam Material through Sept. 27th
Oct 4 Introduction to editing commands Handout: "Editing Commands in ARC/INFO
Oct 9-11 ArcView: Introduction ESRI: Chapter 7
Oct 16-18 Sources of GIS data Handout: "Finding GIS Data"
Oct 23-25 Symbolizing data ESRI: Chapter
Oct 30-Nov 1 Data creation in Arc View: shapefiles ESRI: Chapter 23
Nov 6 Second Exam Material through November 1
Nov 8 Vector GIS: Vector GIS: ArcView
Nov 13-15 Geocoding in Arc View ESRI: Chapter 26
Nov 20 Data creation in Arc View: coordinate entry ESRI: Chapter 25
Nov 22 THANKSGIVING, No Class
Nov 27-29 Map design & layout ESRI: Chapter 22
Dec 4 Arc View extensions & raster GIS
Dec 6 Complete all projects & laboratory exercises
Dec 11 DEAD DAY, No Class
Dec 13 Final Exam, 1:00-3:00 p.m.
Principles of Geographic Information Systems
Tentative Schedule: Laboratory
ENVR 4350 Fall 2001
Date Exercises Exercise Point Date Assignment
Number Value Due
Aug 30 Introduction to GIS and Mapping 1 50 Sep 20 Handout
Sep 6 Introduction to GIS and Mapping Understand GIS
Sep 13 Introduction to PC Arc/Info 2 100 Sep 27 Handout
Sep 20 PC Arc/Info: creating data 2 Sep 27 Handout
Sep 27 PC Arc/Info: projection and transformation 3 50 Oct 4 Handout
Oct 4 Arc View GIS: introduction and data Arc View GIS
(Chapters 7 & 8)
Oct 11 Arc View GIS: themes 4 50 Oct 18 ArcView GIS
(Chapters 9 & 10)
Oct 18 Arc View GIS: distance and scale 5 50 Oct 25 ArcView GIS
(Chapters 11 & 12)
Oct 25 Arc View GIS: querying data 6 50 Nov 1 ArcView GIS
(Chapters 13 & 14)
Nov 1 Arc View GIS: managing data 7 50 Nov 8 ArcView GIS
(Chapters 15 & 16)
Nov 8 Arc View GIS: analyze spatial relationships 7 50 Nov 15 ArcView GIS (Chapters 17-20)
Nov 15 Arc View GIS: coordinate data entry 8 50 Nov 29 ArcView GIS
Nov 22 THANKSGIVING, No laboratory
Nov 29 Arc View GIS: geocoding 10 50 Dec 6 ArcView GIS
Dec 6 Arc View GIS: demonstrations of extensions Arc View GIS